The Flame thrower was introduced by the Germans at the start of ww1. Although the flame thrower was introduced by the germans doesnt mean they invented it, the first flame thrower goes back to 5th century BC. The Germans introduced a more refined and modern version of the archaic BC flame thrower of course.
What does a flame thrower do? How is it used? etc…
The Flame thrower is used by launching burning fuel. The germans used two different kinds of flammenwerfer.
The klein flammen werfer which translates to (small flame thrower) was a portable flammenwerfer that was used by one man. It worked by taking pressurized air and either carbon dioxide or nitrogen and threw a burning stream of oil.
The Gross flammen werfer (the big flame thrower) was a much larger flammenwerfer, than the kleinflammenwerfer and was not ideal to use for transport. Although the larger model was not used for transport it was able to throw larger amounts of burning fuel and launch a farther distance than the small model.
The flammenwerfer was first used against the french. The idea of a flame thrower seems very medieval but in fact seemed to be quiet effective. The germans than decided to use the flame thrower more religiously.
The flammenwerfer was usually used in groups of two men, and would have three of these flammenwerfer groups at the front of the battle lines. The main use of the FW was to clear forward defenders. The Fw worked best if it was in short range, versus a larger, much wider range.
The Operators of the Flammenwerfers did not have a safe or an easy job cut out for them.
The job was extremely dangerous, operating the machine alone was difficult, the operators had to be carful around the cylinders that carried the fuel, quite often one of these cylinders may un expectantly explode! With common sense, enemies saw that ammunition fired upon theses flame thrower could explode, destroying them. French and British armies would often fire at the flammenwerfers to destory them.
The French and British military’s ofcourse adapted their own versions of the german flammenwerfer later on.